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Test ID IGGS4 Immunoglobulin Subclass IgG4, Serum

Reporting Name

Immunoglobulin Subclass IgG4, S

Useful For

Supporting the diagnosis of IgG4-related disease

Specimen Type

Serum


Advisory Information


This test only quantitates the IgG4 protein. If quantitation of all IgG subclass types is wanted, order IGGS / IgG Subclasses, Serum.



Specimen Required


Patient Preparation: Fasting preferred but not required

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 1 mL


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.5 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Ambient  14 days
  Frozen  14 days

Reference Values

0-<5 months: ≤19.8 mg/dL

5-<9 months: ≤20.8 mg/dL

9-<15 months: ≤22.0 mg/dL

15-<24 months: ≤23.0 mg/dL

2-<4 years: 0.4-49.1 mg/dL

4-<7 years: 0.8-81.9 mg/dL

7-<10 years: 1.0-108.7 mg/dL

10-<13 years: 1.0-121.9 mg/dL

13-<16 years: 0.7-121.7 mg/dL

16-<18 years: 0.3-111.0 mg/dL

≥18 years: 2.4-121.0 mg/dL

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Saturday; Continuously

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

82787

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
IGGS4 Immunoglobulin Subclass IgG4, S 2469-5

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
IGGS4 Immunoglobulin Subclass IgG4, S 2469-5

Clinical Information

The most abundant immunoglobulin isotype in human serum is immunoglobulin G (IgG). IgG immunoglobulins are comprised of 4 subclasses designated IgG1 through IgG4. Of total IgG, approximately 65% is IgG1, 25% is IgG2, 6% is IgG3, and 4% is IgG4. Each IgG subclass contains structurally unique portions of the constant region of the gamma heavy chain.

 

IgG subclass 4-related disease is a recently recognized syndrome of unknown etiology most often occurring in middle-aged and older men. Several organ systems can be involved and encompasses many previous and newly described diseases such as type1 autoimmune pancreatitis; Mikulicz disease and sclerosing sialadenitis; inflammatory orbital pseudotumor; chronic sclerosing aortitis; Riedel thyroiditis, a subset of Hashimoto thyroiditis; IgG4-related interstitial pneumonitis; and IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis. Each of these entities is characterized by tumor-like swelling of the involved organs with infiltrative, predominately IgG4-positive, plasma cells with accompanying "storiform" fibrosis. In addition, elevated serum concentrations of IgG4 are found in 60% to 70% of patients diagnosed with IgG4-related disease.

 

The diagnosis of IgG4-related disease requires a tissue biopsy of the affected organ demonstrating the aforementioned histological features. It is recommended that patients suspected of having an IgG4-related disease have their serum IgG4 level measured.

Interpretation

Elevated levels of IgG4 are consistent with, but not diagnostic of, IgG4-related disease.

Clinical Reference

1. Cheuk W, Chan JK: IgG4-related sclerosing disease: a critical appraisal of an evolving clinicopathologic entity. Adv Anat Pathol 2010;17(5):303-332

2. Zen Y, Nakanuma Y: IgG4-related disease: a cross-sectional study of 114 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 2010;34(12):1812-1819

3. Bateman AC, Deheragoda MG: IgG4-related systemic sclerosing disease-an emerging and under-diagnosed condition. Histopathology 2009;55(4):373-383

Analytic Time

Same day/1 day

Method Name

Nephelometry