Sign in →

Test ID IGM Immunoglobulin M (IgM), Serum

Reporting Name

Immunoglobulin M (IgM), S

Useful For

Detecting or monitoring of monoclonal gammopathies and immune deficiencies

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 1 mL


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.5 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 28 days
  Ambient  28 days
  Frozen  28 days

Reference Values

0-<5 months: 26-122 mg/dL

5-<9 months: 32-132 mg/dL

9-<15 months: 40-143 mg/dL

15-<24 months: 46-152 mg/dL

2-<4 years: 37-184 mg/dL

4-<7 years: 37-224 mg/dL

7-<10 years: 38-251 mg/dL

10-<13 years: 41-255 mg/dL

13-<16 years: 45-244 mg/dL

16-<18 years: 49-201 mg/dL

≥18 years: 37-286 mg/dL

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Saturday; Continuously until 3 p.m.

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

82784

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
IGM Immunoglobulin M (IgM), S 2472-9

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
IGM Immunoglobulin M (IgM), S 2472-9

Clinical Information

The gamma-globulin band as seen in conventional serum protein electrophoresis consists of 5 immunoglobulins. In normal serum, about 5% is immunoglobulin M (IgM).

 

Elevations of IgM may be due to polyclonal immunoglobulin production. Monoclonal elevations of IgM occur in macroglobulinemia.

 

Monoclonal gammopathies of all types may lead to a spike in the gamma-globulin zone seen on serum protein electrophoresis.

 

Decreased immunoglobulin levels are found in patients with congenital deficiencies.

Interpretation

Increased serum immunoglobulin concentrations occur due to polyclonal or oligoclonal immunoglobulin proliferation in hepatic disease (hepatitis, liver cirrhosis), connective tissue diseases, acute and chronic infections, as well as in the cord blood of neonates with intrauterine and perinatal infections.

 

Elevation of immunoglobulin M may occur in monoclonal gammopathies such as macroglobulinemia, primary systemic amyloidosis, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, and related disorders.

 

Decreased levels are found in patients with primary or secondary immune deficiencies.

Clinical Reference

1. Webster ADB: Laboratory Investigation of primary deficiency of the lymphoid system. In Clinics in Immunology and Allergy. Vol 5. Third edition. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Company, 1985, pp 447-468

2. Pinching AJ: Laboratory investigation of secondary immunodeficiency. In Clinics in Immunology and Allergy. Vol 5. Third edition. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Company, 1985, pp 469-490

3. Dispenzieri A, Gertz MA, Kyle RA: Distribution of diseases associated with moderate polyclonal gammopathy in patients seen at Mayo Clinic during 1991. Blood 1997;90:353

4. Kyle RA, Greipp PR: The laboratory investigation of monoclonal gammopathies. Mayo Clin Proc 1978;53:719-739

5. Ballow M, O'Neil KM: Approach to the patient with recurrent infections. In Allergy: Principles and Practice. Vol 2. Fourth edition. Edited by E Middleton Jr, CE Reed, EF Ellis, et al. St. Louis, MO, Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 1993, pp 1027-1058

6. Kyle RA: Detection of quantitation of monoclonal proteins. Clin Immunol Newsletter 1990;10:84-86

Analytic Time

1 day

Method Name

Nephelometry

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Gastroenterology and Hepatology Test Request Form (T728) with the specimen (http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/it-mmfiles/gastroenterology-and-hepatology-test-request.pdf)