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Test ID RNP RNP Antibodies, IgG, Serum

Reporting Name

RNP Ab, IgG, S

Useful For

Evaluating patients with signs and symptoms of a connective tissue disease in whom the test for antinuclear antibodies is positive

Testing Algorithm

See Connective Tissue Disease Cascade (CTDC) in Special Instructions.

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.35 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 21 days
  Frozen  21 days

Reference Values

<1.0 U (negative)

≥1.0 U (positive)

Reference values apply to all ages.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Saturday; 4 p.m.

Sunday; 11 a.m.

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

86235

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
RNP RNP Ab, IgG, S 31588-7

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
RNP RNP Ab, IgG, S 31588-7

Clinical Information

RNP (also called nRNP and U1RNP) is a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein that contains 3 protein autoantigens (called A, C, and 68 kD). Sera that contain RNP antibodies react predominately with the A and 68-kD autoantigens. Antibodies to RNP occur in approximately 50% of patients with lupus erythematosus (LE) and in patients with other connective tissue diseases, notably mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). MCTD is characterized by high levels of RNP antibodies without detectable Sm or double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibodies. MCTD resembles LE but is not accompanied by renal involvement.(1,2)

 

RNP is 1 of 4 autoantigens commonly referred to as extractable nuclear antigens (ENA). The other ENAs are SS-A/Ro, SS-B/La, and Sm. Each ENA is composed of 1 or more proteins associated with small nuclear RNA species (snRNP) ranging in size from 80 to approximately 350 nucleotides. Antibodies to ENAs are common in patients with connective tissue diseases (systemic rheumatic diseases) including LE, MCTD, Sjogren syndrome, scleroderma (systemic sclerosis), and polymyositis/dermatomyositis.

 

See Connective Tissue Disease Cascade (CTDC) in Special Instructions.

Interpretation

A positive result for RNP antibodies is consistent with a connective tissue disease. Although strongly associated with connective tissue diseases, RNP antibodies are not considered a "marker" for any particular disease except in the following situation: when found in isolation (ie, dsDNA antibodies and Sm antibodies are not detectable), a positive result for RNP antibodies is consistent with the diagnosis of mixed connective tissue disease.

Clinical Reference

1. Homburger H, Larsen S: Detection of specific antibodies. In Clinical Immunology: Principles and Practice. First edition. Edited by R Rich, T Fleisher, B Schwartz, et al. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book, 1996, pp 2096-2109

2. Kotzin B, West S: Systemic lupus erythematosus. In Clinical Immunology Principles and Practice. Second edition. Edited by R Rich, T Fleisher, W Shearer, et al. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book, 2001, pp 60.1-60.24

Analytic Time

1 day

Method Name

Multiplex Flow Immunoassay