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Test ID URIC Uric Acid, Serum

Reporting Name

Uric Acid, S

Useful For

Diagnosis and treatment of renal failure

 

Monitoring patients receiving cytotoxic drugs and a variety of other disorders, including gout, leukemia, psoriasis, starvation and other wasting conditions

Specimen Type

Serum


Necessary Information


Patient's age and sex are required.



Specimen Required


Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Collection Instructions:

1. Serum gel tubes should be centrifuged within 2 hours of collection.

2. Red-top tubes should be centrifuged and aliquoted within 2 hours of collection.


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.25 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
  Frozen  180 days

Reference Values

Males

1-10 years: 2.4-5.4 mg/dL

11 years: 2.7-5.9 mg/dL

12 years: 3.1-6.4 mg/dL

13 years: 3.4-6.9 mg/dL

14 years: 3.7-7.4 mg/dL

15 years: 4.0-7.8 mg/dL

≥16 years: 3.7-8.0 mg/dL

Reference values have not been established for patients who are <12 months of age.

 

Females

1 year: 2.1-4.9 mg/dL

2 years: 2.1-5.0 mg/dL

3 years: 2.2-5.1 mg/dL

4 years: 2.3-5.2 mg/dL

5 years: 2.3-5.3 mg/dL

6 years: 2.3-5.4 mg/dL

7-8 years: 2.3-5.5 mg/dL

9-10 years: 2.3-5.7 mg/dL

11 years: 2.3-5.8 mg/dL

12 years: 2.3-5.9 mg/dL

≥13 years:  2.7-6.1 mg/dL

Reference values have not been established for patients who are <12 months of age.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Sunday; Continuously

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

84550

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
URIC Uric Acid, S 3084-1

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
URIC Uric Acid, S 3084-1

Clinical Information

Uric acid is the final product of purine metabolism in humans. Purines, compounds that are vital components of nucleic acids and coenzymes, may be synthesized in the body or they may be obtained by ingesting foods rich in nucleic material (eg, liver, sweetbreads). Approximately 75% of the uric acid excreted is lost in the urine; most of the remainder is secreted into the gastrointestinal tract where it is degraded to allantoin and other compounds by bacterial enzymes.

 

Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is frequently detected through biochemical screening. The major causes of hyperuricemia are increased purine synthesis, inherited metabolic disorder, excess dietary purine intake, increased nucleic acid turnover, malignancy, cytotoxic drugs, and decreased excretion due to chronic renal failure or increased renal reabsorption. Long-term follow-up of these patients is undertaken because many are at risk of developing renal disease; few of these patients ever develop the clinical syndrome of gout.

 

Hypouricemia, often defined as serum urate below 2.0 mg/dL, is much less common than hyperuricemia. It may be secondary to severe hepatocellular disease with reduced purine synthesis, defective renal tubular reabsorption, overtreatment of hyperuricemia with allopurinol, as well as some cancer therapies (eg, 6-mercaptopurine).

Interpretation

Hyperuricemia is most commonly defined by serum or plasma uric acid concentrations above 8.0 mg/dL in males or above 6.1 mg/dL in females.

Clinical Reference

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. Chapter 24: Fourth edition, Edited by CA Burtis, ER Ashwood, WS Bruns. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 2006, pp 803-807

Analytic Time

Same day/1 day

Method Name

Photometric, Uricase/Quinone-Imine Dye Formation