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Test ID GBM Glomerular Basement Membrane Antibodies, IgG, Serum

Reporting Name

Glomerular Basement Membrane IgG Ab

Useful For

Evaluating patients with rapid onset renal failure or pulmonary hemorrhage, as an aid in the diagnosis of Goodpasture syndrome

Specimen Type


Ordering Guidance

If patient is being evaluated for autoimmune skin disease, order CIFS / Cutaneous Immunofluorescence Antibodies (IgG), Serum for evaluation of anti-intercellular substance (ICS) and antibasement membrane zone (BMZ) antibodies.

Specimen Required


Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL

Specimen Minimum Volume

0.35 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 21 days
  Frozen  21 days

Reference Values

<1.0 U (negative)                     

≥1.0 U (positive)

Reference values apply to all ages.

Day(s) Performed

Monday through Friday

Test Classification

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information


LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
GBM Glomerular Basement Membrane IgG Ab 31254-6


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
GBM Glomerular Basement Membrane IgG Ab 31254-6

Clinical Information

Antibodies to glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antigens cause glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture syndrome (glomerulonephritis, often with rapid onset renal failure, and pulmonary hemorrhage), and, less commonly, pulmonary hemosiderosis.(1) Nephrogenic GBM antigens are associated with the noncollagenous carboxyl extension of type IV procollagen. The immunologic stimuli that elicit production of GBM antibodies are not known. There is some evidence of a genetic association with HLA-DR2.


GBM antibody-mediated glomerulonephritis and Goodpasture syndrome occur with a bimodal age distribution primarily in males ages 20 to 40 and in patients older than age 50. Glomerulonephritis without pulmonary involvement is more common in the older age group, and shows a female predominance.


Positive results are consistent with Goodpasture syndrome. Glomerular basement membrane antibodies detected by immunoassay have been reported to be highly specific for Goodpasture syndrome. The sensitivity of this test approaches 87% in untreated patients with systemic disease.(1)

Clinical Reference

1. Pusey CD: Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease. Kidney Int 2003;64:1535-1550

Report Available

Same day/1 to 3 days

Method Name

Multiplex Flow Immunoassay


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Renal Diagnostics Test Request (T830) with the specimen.