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Test ID PALD Aldosterone, Plasma


Specimen Required


Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 2 mL

Collection Instructions: 8 a.m. draw time (after the patient is active for 2 hours) is recommended; preferably no later than 10 a.m.

Additional Information: See Renin-Aldosterone Studies in Special Instructions for more detailed instructions.


Useful For

Investigation of primary aldosteronism (eg, adrenal adenoma/carcinoma and adrenal cortical hyperplasia) and secondary aldosteronism (renovascular disease, salt depletion, potassium loading, cardiac failure with ascites, pregnancy, Bartter syndrome) in plasma

Testing Algorithm

See Steroid Pathways in Special Instructions.

Method Name

Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

Reporting Name

Aldosterone, P

Specimen Type

Plasma EDTA

Specimen Minimum Volume

1.2 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma EDTA Frozen (preferred) 30 days
  Refrigerated  28 days
  Ambient  4 days

Clinical Information

Aldosterone stimulates sodium transport across cell membranes, particularly in the distal renal tubule where sodium is exchanged for hydrogen and potassium. Secondarily, aldosterone is important in the maintenance of blood pressure and blood volume.

 

Aldosterone is the major mineralocorticoid and is produced by the adrenal cortex.

 

The renin-angiotensin system is the primary regulator of the synthesis and secretion of aldosterone. Likewise, increased concentrations of potassium in the plasma may directly stimulate adrenal production of the hormone. Under physiologic conditions, pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone is not a major factor in regulating aldosterone secretion.

 

See Steroid Pathways in Special Instructions.

Reference Values

0-30 days: 17-154 ng/dL*

31 days-11 months: 6.5-86 ng/dL*

1-10 years:

≤40 ng/dL (supine)*

≤124 ng/dL (upright)*

≥11 years: ≤21 ng/dL (a.m. peripheral vein specimen)

 

*Loeuille GA, Racadot A, Vasseur P, Vandewalle B: Blood and urinary aldosterone levels in normal neonates, infants and children. Pediatrie 1981;36:335-344

 

For SI unit Reference Values, see https://www.mayocliniclabs.com/order-tests/si-unit-conversion.html

Interpretation

A high ratio of plasma aldosterone (PA) in ng/dL to plasma renin activity (PRA) in ng/mL per hour, is a positive screening test result, a finding that warrants further testing. An PA/PRA ratio greater than or equal to 20 is only interpretable with an PA greater than or equal to 15 ng/dL and indicates probable primary aldosteronism.

 

Renal disease, such as unilateral renal artery stenosis, results in elevated renin and aldosterone levels. Renal venous catheterization may be helpful. A positive test is a renal venous renin ratio (affected/normal) greater than 1.5.

 

See Renin-Aldosterone Studies and Steroid Pathways in Special Instructions.

 

Note: Advice on stimulation or suppression tests is available from Mayo Clinic's Division of Endocrinology and may be obtained by calling 800-533-1710.

Clinical Reference

1. Young WF Jr: Primary aldosteronism: A common and curable form of hypertension. Cardiol Rev 1999;7:207-214

2. Young WF Jr: Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism: diagnostic approaches. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 1997;26:801-827

3. Hurwitz S, Cohen RJ, Williams GH: Diurnal variation of aldosterone and plasma renin activity: timing relation to melatonin and cortisol and consistency after prolonged bed rest. J Appl Physiol 2004;96:1406-1414

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 4 p.m.

Analytic Time

2 days

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

82088

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
PALD Aldosterone, P 1763-2

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
65424 Aldosterone, P 1763-2